Nazca Lines This archaeological monument consists of a huge network of lines and drawings of animals and plants attributed mostly to the Nazca Culture. The lines are located between km 419 and km 465 of the Pan-American Highway South, covering an area of approximately 350 km².
The discovery of these figures is attributed to Toribio Mejía Xesspe, in 1927. Later, they were studied by Paul Kosok, Hans Horkheirmer and by the math María Reiche, who dedicated 50 years to study and investigate on the site until his death, without achieving decipher its meaning.
To see some lines and figures before reaching Nazca, an observation tower of 12 meters has been built, from which you can partially appreciate the figures of La Mano and El Arbol, as well as a couple of lines.
However, flying over the site in a small plane is absolutely necessary to appreciate them in their true dimensions. This complex is formed by the so-called lines, thousands of them, some up to kilometers long, geometric figures representing triangles and polygons of various shapes and especially bird figures, perhaps the longest 275 meters long, a monkey , a tarantula, a whale, and phytomorphic and anthropomorphic figures.
In many cases these representations overlap and therefore suggest that they have been elaborated in different periods and perhaps not only by the Nazca culture, but also by the Paracas, and with possible late interventions of the Wari culture.
The reason for its construction is so far undecipherable, since most of them can only be seen from the air. This has led to the development of theories, some quite crazy.
The Nazca Lines were declared part of the Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 1994.